Martinici ~the Hill-fort  

The hill-fort of Martinici is situated on a hill, east of the town of Spuž , by the edge of the Zeta river valley.


There is no reference to it in historical sources. Only more recent sources mention it as the hill-fort in Martinici. Most probably, it was built at the time of the migration of peoples, i.e. the arrival of the Slavs in this part of the Balkans. In the local tradition, it is referred to as the place where the father of Stevan Nemanja was born.

The hill-fort of Martinici can quite likely be identified with the town of Lontodokla, mentioned by Constantine Porphyrogenitus as one of the three inhabited towns in Doklea. It is possible that this settlement, situated at a two-hour walk distance from Doklea, was established by the refugees form this town at the time of the Slavic settlement. The time of its abandonment is unknown; this is assumed to could have happened quite early, already at the end of the 12th century.

The hill-fort was formed on an inaccessible spacious hilltop. Within the walls, there are the remains of a rectangular building and a smaller object resembling Roman military camps i.e. castrums. Probably, these remains had existed even before the construction of the walls. In the north part of the hill-fort, the remains of a great, three-nave basilica are found. During archeological researches, a large number of pieces of pre-Romanesque shallow relief stone sculpture-work have been uncovered near the basilica, whose analysis provides evidence that the basilica in the hill-fort of Martinici is a representative sacral object built in the 10th or 11th century.